Abies alba

Trade Names

Silver Fir, Fir

Similar Woods

Pacific Fir, Balsam Fir, Sibirian Fir, Spruce


Central and Southern Europe.


Mostly in the European low mountain ranges. Fir prefers deep and very rich soils. It is difficult to tell Fir wood from that oft the Spruce but unlike Spruce Fir produces no pitch pockets.


Construction lumber, special wood for musical instruments (sound boards), often used together with spruce in furniture production.


It is yellowish-white to reddish-white in color with a grey tinge. The Fir stands are much endangered by industrial air pollution, needle and bark louse, animal browsing and clear cutting.


The machining of Fir is easy and clean with all types of tools. Relatively smooth surfaces can be achieved in comparison with spruce. Moreover, machine parts are not contaminated by resin.


The wood can be dried very quickly but this results in strong checking of heart and surfaces. However, there is significantly less risk of warping.


Through the lack of pitch pockets and resin residue on the surface, surface treatment presents no special problem. Fir is suitable for most varnishes, stains and clear finishes.


Glue, screw and nail joints are easy to produce and hold well.