American Red Alder, Hard Maple
Europe, Siberia, North Africa. Prefers loose, deep and moist clay soils, rich in nutrients. Frequently to be found along water courses and in river plains. Most logs bought for veneer or lumber production come from Eastern Europe.
For veneer, lumber, musical instruments, fruit crates, at present used as solid wood for furniture. Was considered to be an inferior wood not accepted by the furniture industry until the mid-nineties when it became fashionable.
After felling the color is first orange-red and subsequently darkens to a reddish-white or brownish-red. Alder is less decorative and often has defects. Perfect logs are seldom to be found. The species is rela- tively unsuitable for sliced veneer. Fine streaks are found spread over the entire surface in almost all cases.
Working Alder by hand and tools presents no difficulties. It can be easily planed, molded and turned. Very smooth surfaces are produced.
Alder can be dried well and quickly without any great tendency to check and warp.
Mat finishes are generally applied as well as wax and preservatives containing oil. Their application presents no difficulties.
Glue joints hold very well. Screws and nails provide tight joints.